Col. Thomas Marshall Family
Early Virginia and Kentucky

Col. Thomas Marshall
b. 2 April 1730 Westmoreland Co., VA
d. June 22, 1802 Woodford, Co., Ky

m. Mary Randolph Keith c 1754
b. Apr 28, 1737
d. Sep 19, 1809 Mason Co., Ky

her father: (Reverend) James Keith
her mother: Mary Isham Randolph
grand -parents: Thomas(1683-1729) and (Judith?) Flemming Randolph of Tuckahoe

his father: Capt. John Marshall
his mother: Elizabeth Markham
Children with Mary Keith
John Marshall
(3rd Chief Justice of the United States and close friend of George Washington)
b. 24 Sep 1755 near Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA d. July 6, 1835 m. Mary Willis Ambler, 3 Jan 1783 in Yorktown, Virginia (b. Mar. 17, 1766.) -dau. of Rebecca Burwell and Jaqueline Ambler, Treasurer of Virginia
Elizabeth Marshall b. 1756 near Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA d. 1842 m. Rawleigh Colston, 15 Oct 1785
Mary Ann "Pollie" Marshall b. 1758 near Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA d. 1827 m. Humphrey Marshall (a cousin) son of John Marshall and Mary Quisenberry
(Captain) Thomas Marshall b. 27 Oct 1761near Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA d. 19 Mar 1817 Mason co., KY
1m. Susanna Adams, 1 Apr 1769
2m. Frances Maitland Kenann, 1790
James Markham Marshall b. 12 Mar 1764 d. 26 Apr 1848 m. Hester Morris, 9 Apr 1795 (dau. of Robt. Morris, signer of Declaration of Independence)
Judith Marshall b. 1766 d. m. 1783 George Brooks 2 Apr 1783
William Marshall (twin) b. 31 Jan 1767 d. 1815 1m. Alice Adams 1788 (dau. of Col. Richard Adams and Elizabeth Griffin of Richmond,
2m. Mary Macon (dau. of William H. Macon and Sarah Ambler)
3m. Maria C. Winston Price
(Hon.) Charles Marshall (twin) b. 31 Jan 1767 d. 1805 m. Lucy Pickett 11 Sep 1787 c1758
Lucy Marshall b. 1768 d. 1795 m. John Ambler 1790 (possible brother of Mary Willis Ambler Marshall, above)
Alexander Keith Marshall b. 1770 . 7 Feb 1825 1m. Mary McDowell 10 Oct 1794
2m. Eliza A. Lewis Luke Ball, (widow of John Luke dau. of John Lewis and Patty Love)
(Dr.) Louis Marshall b. 1773 d. 1866 m. Agatha Smith (dau. of Francis Smith and Anne Preston
Susan Tarleton Marshall b. 25 May 1774 d. 1858 m. (Hon.) William McClung 25 May 1793
Charlotte Marshall b. 1777 d. 17 Apr 1817                
m. Dr. Basil Duke of Washington, Ky 1794
Jane Marshall b. 29 Jul 1779 d. 13 Sep 1866 
m. George Keith Taylor 22 Dec 1799
Nancy Marshall b. c1781 d. 1860      
1m. William Pollard 2m. (Col.) Joseph Hamilton Davies 1803

The information on John Marshall has been thoroughly researched by others with several books written on the families. The principle book is by W. M. Paxton first published in 1885. This family is not in direct decendancy for me but I put this information here for others.

Col. Marshall is regarded by his posterity with veneration.  In sound judgment and depth of native mind he is said to have surpassed all his illustrous children.  They, themselves, admitted his superiority of intellect.  His posterity are thought to have inherited their mental powers rather from the Markhams and the Marshall, than from the Keiths. Col. Marshall is said to have attended, with George Washington, the school of Rev. Archibald Campbell, rector of Washington Parish.  Here commenced the intimate friendship that continued through life, between Col. Marshall, and the great apostle of liberty.  Well instructed and experienced in the surveyors art, he often attended Washington is his surveying excursions for Lord  Fairfax and others.  For these services he received several thousand acres of wild land in Henry Co., W. VA, which were sold and divided among his heirs, as provided in his will.   During the French war, he was a Lieutenent of Volunteers.  He was not at Braddock's defeat, because he was left behind, employed in building Fort Necessity.  His father died in April 1752, and Mr. Marshall, being the oldest son and the heir, qualified as his executor.  His brother John (Rin 1959), though also appointed as executor, was too young to serve.
Shortly after the death of John Marshall of the "Forest" (Rin 1949), the Marshalls, with their relatives, the Smiths, removed to the vicinity of Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA.  Here Thomas accepted the agency, of Lord Fairfax, to superintend his immense landed estate, - to make leases, collect rents, etc.  In 1754, he married Mary Isham Keith, daughter of Rev. James Keith and Mary Randolph.  Near Germantown his older children were born.  In 1765, eleven years after his marriage, he purchased of Thos. L. and R.H. Lee, 350 acres of on Goose Creek, and removed upon it. His old log house still stands (in 1884) a mile north-east of Markham.  In 1773, he sold his farm; and it was, perhaps at this time that he purchased "Oakhill", or, as he called it in his will, "The Oaks" Here he built a fine house of wood, which still remains (in 1884).
All his younger children were born there.  His mother had attended him in all his removals.  A little later she disappears, and it is probable she was laid in the graveyard near Germantown, Known as "Locust Leavel," where the Marshalls, Keiths and Smiths buried their dead.  In 1767, while residing on Goose Creek, he was High Sheriff of Fauquier Co.  His bond as such still appears of record. [Paxton 19-32]

1728- James Keith's biography is contained in Virginia Biography.

Keith, James, was a native of Scotland, and on March 4, 1728-29, received the King's bounty of twenty pounds to go as minister to Virginia.  He probably settled at first in Henrico county, where he married Mary Isham Randolph, daughter of Thomas Randolph and Judith Fleming.  He then lived in Hamilton parish,  Fauquier county, for many years.  he daughter, Mary Randolph Kieth married Colonel Thomas Marshall, fatehr of John Marshall, chief justice of the United States.     [Tyler.  Virginia Biographies.  page 270]

1752 - Thomas Marshall lived near Germantown, Fauquier Co., VA.
Elizabeth Markham Marshall deeded 200 acres of land at "Oak Hill" in Fauquier Co.,. to Thomas Marshall, the eldest son after the death of his father. This land was later sold when Thomas Marshall, the oldest and most prolific son, began moving westward first into Prince William County where four children were born and later into Kentucky.

1753- Thomas was made Agent for the Fairfax Estate. This implies that he was a surveyor and soldier.

1754 - Thomas Marshall married Mary Randolph Keith. She was the grand daughter of Thomas Randolph and Mary Randolph of Tuckahoe. Thomas Randolph was the brother of Thomas Jefferson's grandmother, Jane Randolph.

Paxton tells that Mary Randolph Keith is the daughter of Parson James Keith, and Mary Isham Randolph. He goes on to explain:

"The Keiths are descended from Robert Keith, Mareschal of the Scottish army under Bruce.  George Keith, born at Kincardine, Scotland, in 1685 - died near Potsdam, Prussia, May 25, 1778, was the tenth and last Earl that bore the name.  His race had been long Mareschals of Scotland, and were possessed of large estates.  The famly were adherents of the Stuarts, and took an active part in the Rebellion of 1715, in favor of the Pretender.  Alexander, and James afterword Field Marshal of Russia and Prussia, were younger brothers of the Earl.  James Keith, afterward known as Parson Keith, a cousin of the Earl, was a son of a professor in the Mareschal College of Aberdeen.  The professor was Bishop of Episcopal church, and the uncle and guardian of the Earl and his brothers.  His son James(the Parson) had been educated with his cousins, and in 1715 was a youth of nineteen.  The Earl and his brothers took part in the rebellion, and had to leave for the countinent.  Here, through their cousin James, they still fomented discontent, and 1719 entered Scotland, and were repulsed.  Their secret correspondence with their friends had been conducted through their cousin, James, and he when discovered took refuge in the Colony of Virginia.  The Keith estates were confiscated, and their names attainted for treason; but afterward, through ther solicitations of Frederick of Prussia, a portion of the property was restored.  The titles descended in the female line, and are now merged in the unted houses of Keith-Elphinstone."  [Parson 24-25]

Colonel Thomas Marshall later served as a Lieut. of Volunteers in the Virginia Militia. He assisted in the building of Fort Necessity. He was a Major of the "Culpepper Minute Men" during the Revolution. He eventually become a Colonel in the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. He was a member of the House of Burgesses when it declared Virginia independence.

In "The Hollow" in Prince William County, Thomas Marshall settled for several years where his first four children were born. [The Marshall's American Ancestory,unknown author. records in the Tacoma Stake Branch Genealogical Library, Tacoma, WA]

1773 - Thomas Marshall purchases 1700 acres from Thomas Turner. This land was a short distance from the land on which he was living called the "Hollow" in the Blue Ridge Valley.

As a resident of Kentucky he was a territorial delegate in the Virginia Legislature. They had fifteen children, the oldest of which became the third Chief Justice of the United States but one of the most influential.

1776 - John Marshall becomes involved in the War for Independence and earns the rank of Captain. 1779 - John Marshall attends William and Mary College in Williamsburg, VA. By 1882 he becomes a member of the Council of State of Virginia.

"The Third Virignia Regiment, under command of Col. Thomas Marshall, which had performed severe duty in 1776, was placed in a wood on the right and in front of Woodford's Brigade and Stephen's Division. Though attacked by superior numbers, the regiment maintained its position until both its flanks were turned, its ammunition nearly expended, and more than half its officers and one third of the soldiers were killed or wounded.  Col Marshall, whose horse had received two balls, then retired to assume his position on the right of his division, but it had already retreated.  Among the wounded in the battle, were Lafayette and Woodford.  The enemy passed the night on the field of battle.  On the 26th of September 1777, the British entered Philadelphia."
     It has been said that at Brandywine, Col. Marshall saved the patriot army from destruction.  For such distinguished services, the House of Burgesses through their speaker, Edmund Randolph, presented him a sword.  This heirloom descended to his son, Capt. Thomas Marshall, who by his will bestowed it on his son, Gen. Thomas Marshall.  The latter left no male issue, and on his death, his daughter, Mrs. Bland, presented it to the Maysville, Kentucky Historical Society, which preserves it with care.
     In 1779 Col. Marshall, with his Third Regiment, was sent to reinforce Gen. Lincoln, in South Carolina.  He joined Lincoln just in time to be shut up with him in Chalreston, and to share in the surrender of that city to the British.  But having been parolled, Col. Marshall, with other officers, visited Kentucky in 1780, traveling on horseback through the wilderness. On that trip he located his beautiful farm on "Buckpond", near Versailles. About the year 1870, Col. Marshall was appointed Surveyor-General of the lands in Kentucky, appropriated to the officers and soldiers of the Virignia State line.   The whole territory consisted of but one county, known as the County of Kentucky.  Nov 1, 1781 it was divided into three counties--Fayette, Lincoln and Jefferson, and Col. Marshall was made Surveyor of the first.  His name appears among the purchases of lots in Lexington, in 1783.  In 1785, Col. Marshall returned to Virginia for his family, which he brought west on a flat-boat, down the Ohio river. McClung in his "Western Adventure", details the incidents of this trip; which was attended with no trouble, though the voyagers were warned by James Girty, the renegade; of the danger of being decoyed ashore.
     In 1787, Col. Marshall represented Fayette County in the Virginia Legislature, and in 1788 was elected in the Danville Convention, to form a State Constitution.  He was a zealous Federalist, took an active part in the politics of the day, and was decided in his oppostion to the scheme of separating Kentucky from the Eastern States.
                    [Paxton 21-22]

"From 1780 to 1800, Col. Marshall's home was "Buckpond", one of the most lovely farms in the State of Kentucky.  In 1800 his youngest son, Louis, was married to Miss Agatha Smith, and "Buckpond" was given to them.  The old people went to live with their
son, Thomas, who resided at Washington, Mason Co, KY.  Here June 22, 1802, Mr. Marshall died, and was buried on "The Hill".  The inscription on his tomb is now illegible; but, many years ago, Mr. Paxton transcribed it, and here it is reproduced:
     "Thomas Marshall, to whom this memorial is inscribed, was born the
2nd of April, 1730, intermarried with Mary Keith, in her 17th year, by whom he had fifteen children, who attained maturity; and after distinguishing himself by the performance of his duties as a husband, father, citizen and soldier, died on the 22d of June, 1802, aged 72 years
2 months and 20 days." [Paxton 23]

1783, 3 Jan. in Yorktown, Virginia - John Marshall, the eldest son, marries m. Mary Willis Ambler, daughter of Rebecca Burwell and Jaqueline Ambler, Treasurer of the state of Virginia.
John Marshall works his way up the governmental ladder. He is a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1788, an envoy to Paris in 1797, and a member of Congress in 1799.

1795, April 9 - John Markham Marshall marries Hester Morris. Hester's father, Robert Morris, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He also signed the U.S. Constitution. [Marshall Burke 1/03/03]

1798 - "Col. Marshall's will was executed June 26, 1798, in Woodford Co., KY
and is found of record in Mason Co., Book B, p. 212.  It was probated February 15, 1803.  The following is an abstract of its provisions.  He gives:

     To his son, John: "The "Oaks", in Fauquier Co., VA, two tracts on the Licking, one of which contained 1,000 acres, and the quanity of the other is not stated.
     To his son, Thomas: Part of a tract of 14,717 acres, on Clark's run, in Mason Co., and 1,000 acres elsewhere.
     To his son, James M.: 6,000 acres from a survey of15,000 on the North fork of Licking.
     To his sons Charles and William: 13,616 acres
on the South side of the North fork.
     To his son, Alex. K.: 10,500 acres on Mill creek: 1,800 acres on the Ohio, above the mouth of Salt creek, and 200 acres more at the mouth of Salt creek, and some other lands and three negroes.
     To his son, Louis:"Buckpond," containing 575 acres, with
the stock thereon, and one-third of my negroes, after the death of my wife.  Also a tract adjoining Fitzpatrick's. and my certificates for
military services.
     To Elizabeth Colston: My part of a survey near the Yellowbanks.
     To Mary Anne Marshall: 500 acres adjoinging Crittenden's premption; also 400 acres on the Ohio, at the mouth of Hardin creek, and some military lands.
     To Judith Brooke: One-third of my land on the Kentucky
river, at the mouth of Gilbert's creek; also one-half of 1,500 acres on the North fork and Cabin creek; also two negroes.
     To Thomas Ambler: 3,816 acres on Johnson's fork, and 4,000 acres South of the Licking.
     To Susanna McClung: The Blue Spring tract of 2,000 acres, one-third of the Bullitt tract, and four negroes.
     To Charlotte Duke: One-third of 2,800 acres in Mason County, KY; 500 acres elsewhere; and one negro.
     To Jane Taylor: One-third of 8,2000 acres and one-third of my Gilbert creek lands on the Kentucky river, and one-third of my slaves after my wife's death.
     To Nancy Marshall: The residue of my Ohio lands; the remaining third of my Gilbert creek lands and one-third of my slaves
after my wife's death.
     To Elizabeth Colston: 500 acres as a token of my remembrance for her dutiful assistance in raising and supporting my younger children.
     To my wife for life: My slaves.
     The remainder of his lands are given to his executors, Thomas, Alex.
K., and Humphrey Marshall, in trust that they shall sell the same and
make my children equal; and their compensation is to be settled by my
son, John."
      August 8, 1803, the three executors qualified.[Paxton 23-24]
Scottish History 1650 -1750 | Early Marshall Speculation

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